Aciclovir 800mg dispersible tablets pil
Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets are antiviral medications used to treat viral infections caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The tablets are usually prescribed to patients with severe herpes or chickenpox infections.
Aciclovir works by preventing the virus from replicating and spreading in the body. The tablets are often used for people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or undergoing chemotherapy.
This information leaflet provides important information about Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets, including dosage instructions, potential side effects, and precautions to take when using the medication.
If you have been prescribed Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets, it is important to read this leaflet carefully and follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist.
What is Aciclovir?
Aciclovir is an antiviral medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as nucleoside analogues. It is used to treat infections caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), including genital herpes, cold sores, and shingles.
How it Works
Aciclovir works by stopping the replication of the HSV virus within cells. It does this by blocking a specific enzyme (DNA polymerase) that the virus needs to copy its genetic material.
Forms of Aciclovir
Aciclovir is available in several different forms, including tablets, capsules, creams, and injections. The dispersible tablet form of aciclovir is designed to dissolve in water and is typically used to treat herpes infections.
Common Side Effects
Most side effects are mild and will go away on their own. However, if you experience any severe or persistent side effects, talk to your doctor immediately.
How does Aciclovir work?
Inhibiting viral replication
Aciclovir works by inhibiting the replication of the herpes virus. It accomplishes this by being converted into an active form, which then blocks the action of an enzyme the virus needs to synthesize its DNA. Without this enzyme, the virus is unable to reproduce, and the infection is subsequently controlled.
Targeting infected cells
Another way that Aciclovir works is by selectively targeting cells that are infected with the virus. Once inside these cells, Aciclovir gets converted into its active form, which then acts to block viral replication within the cell.
Reducing the duration of the outbreak
Aciclovir cannot cure herpes, but it can help reduce the duration and severity of outbreaks. By limiting the virus's ability to reproduce and spread, Aciclovir can help to shorten the duration of outbreaks and reduce their severity. This makes the medication an effective way to manage herpes infections over the long-term.
Who should take Aciclovir?
People suffering from genital herpes:
Aciclovir is a medication used to treat people who suffer from genital herpes. It works by stopping the growth of the virus and preventing it from spreading, thus reducing the severity of the symptoms. This medicine cannot cure herpes, but it can help to alleviate the symptoms and shorten the duration of outbreaks.
Individuals with recurrent cold sores:
If you have recurrent cold sores, Aciclovir can help to speed up their healing and prevent the virus from spreading. Taking Aciclovir at the first sign of a cold sore outbreak can help to alleviate the symptoms and stop the virus from multiplying.
Patients with herpes zoster (shingles):
If you have shingles, Aciclovir can help to reduce the duration of the outbreak and alleviate the symptoms. It works by inhibiting the growth of the virus and preventing it from spreading to other parts of the body.
Individuals with HIV:
Aciclovir is commonly prescribed to people with HIV who experience recurrent herpes outbreaks. It helps to alleviate the symptoms of herpes and prevent the virus from spreading to other parts of the body.
Patients who have recently had a bone marrow transplant:
Aciclovir may be prescribed to patients who have recently had a bone marrow transplant to prevent the occurrence of herpes infections. This is because people who undergo bone marrow transplants are at an increased risk of developing herpes infections due to their weakened immune systems.
How to take Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets
The dosage of Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets prescribed by your doctor should be strictly adhered to. Typically, adults and children over 12 years of age are advised to take 800mg of aciclovir four times daily at approximately six-hour intervals.
If you are unsure about the correct dosage of aciclovir to take, consult your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.
The tablets should be dissolved in half a glass of water and stirred well before drinking. They can be taken with or without food, but it is recommended to take them with a meal to reduce the likelihood of experiencing any gastrointestinal side effects. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids while taking aciclovir to prevent dehydration.
The duration of the treatment period will depend on the nature and severity of your condition. In some cases, aciclovir may need to be taken for several months to be effective. Do not stop taking aciclovir without consulting your doctor, even if you begin to feel better. Stopping treatment prematurely can lead to recurring symptoms of your condition and increase the risk of drug resistance.
4. Missed dose
If you accidentally miss a dose of aciclovir, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is nearly time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose of aciclovir to make up for the missed dose.
Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets should be stored in a cool, dry place away from moisture and direct sunlight. Do not store the tablets in a bathroom or near a sink. Keep the medication out of the reach of children and pets.
- Do not share your medication with others.
- Do not use Aciclovir 800mg Dispersible Tablets past their expiration date.
- Properly dispose of any unused or expired medication.
Possible side effects of Aciclovir
Common side effects:
- Abdominal pain
- Skin rash
Uncommon side effects:
- Changes in vision
- Abnormal liver function tests
Rare side effects:
- Severe allergic reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis)
- Increased sensitivity to sunlight
- Reduction in white blood cells
- Blood disorders
If you experience any of these side effects or any other unusual symptoms, contact your healthcare professional immediately.
Precautions when taking Aciclovir
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Aciclovir is generally considered safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women, but it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medication.
Aciclovir is primarily eliminated from the body through the kidneys. Therefore, it is important to adjust the dose for people with kidney problems, as the drug can cause kidney damage in some cases.
Some people may be allergic to aciclovir or related drugs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include rash, itching, swelling of the face or tongue, and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking aciclovir and seek immediate medical attention.
Other medical conditions
Aciclovir may interact with other medications you are taking or worsen certain medical conditions. It is important to inform your healthcare provider of any medical conditions you have, such as liver disease, immune system disorders, or neurological disorders, before taking aciclovir.
- Aciclovir can cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not operate heavy machinery or drive until you know how the drug affects you.
- Aciclovir may interact with other medications or supplements, including those available over the counter. Always inform your healthcare provider of all the medications and supplements you are taking.
- Avoid sexual intercourse or use condoms during an outbreak of genital herpes to reduce the risk of transmission.